Genetic engineering for skeletal regenerative medicine.

TitleGenetic engineering for skeletal regenerative medicine.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsCA Gersbach, JE Phillips, and AJ García
JournalAnnual Review of Biomedical Engineering
Start Page87
Pagination87 - 119
Date Published01/2007

The clinical challenges of skeletal regenerative medicine have motivated significant advances in cellular and tissue engineering in recent years. In particular, advances in molecular biology have provided the tools necessary for the design of gene-based strategies for skeletal tissue repair. Consequently, genetic engineering has emerged as a promising method to address the need for sustained and robust cellular differentiation and extracellular matrix production. As a result, gene therapy has been established as a conventional approach to enhance cellular activities for skeletal tissue repair. Recent literature clearly demonstrates that genetic engineering is a principal factor in constructing effective methods for tissue engineering approaches to bone, cartilage, and connective tissue regeneration. This review highlights this literature, including advances in the development of efficacious gene carriers, novel cell sources, successful delivery strategies, and optimal target genes. The current status of the field and the challenges impeding the clinical realization of these approaches are also discussed.

Short TitleAnnual Review of Biomedical Engineering